All about the West Nile virus that Russia has warned about
Earlier this week, Russia warned of the possible increase in West Nile virus (WNV) infections. The mild temperature of the fall season along with the heavy rainfall has created favorable conditions for mosquitoes to carry and spread it. More than 80% of West Nile fever in Russia has been recorded in the southwest region.Read also – World Zoonoses Day 2020: what is zoonosis and how the infectious disease is spread
What is West Nile virus (WNV)?
This dangerous disease is spread by infected mosquitoes. From the bite of an infected Culex mosquito, the virus spreads from birds to humans. This can lead to fatal neurological diseases in humans. Also Read – West Nile Zika Viruses Can Cause Gut Problems
As recorded by WHO, around 20% of cases are caused by West Nile fever. This is linked to other diseases like Zika virus, dengue fever and yellow fever. Read also – Kerala: after Nipah, an epidemic of West Nile viral infection is suspected in Kozhikode
What are the symptoms of West Nile fever?
Usually, people with WNV will not have different symptoms, not even mild symptoms. However, symptoms include fever, headache, body aches, rash, and swollen lymph nodes. They can either last for several weeks or get by on their own.
What is the treatment for West Nile fever?
Currently, there is no specific treatment for humans who contract WNV disease. The only way to prevent this virus is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Treatment will include hospitalization, intravenous fluids, respiratory support and protection against secondary infections for patients with neuro-invasive West Nile virus.
How to protect yourself from West Nile fever?
The elderly, children, and people with weakened immune systems can fall into the traps of West Nile fever. The safest way to protect yourself is to avoid coming into contact with mosquitoes as they carry this virus. Scientists believe that climate change causing milder temperatures could also help spread this disease.