Siberian cranes land at Ghouri Gol international wetland
Tehran – Around 200 Siberian cranes, in a rare and unprecedented occurrence, have arrived at the international Ghouri Gol wetland in the northwestern province of eastern Azarbaijan, IRNA reported on Wednesday.
Spanning 200 hectares, Ghouri Gol with the adjacent reed marshes is an important breeding area for waterfowl. A 1.2 km² site was designated a wetland protection site under the Ramsar Convention on June 23, 1975.
It is of national and international importance due to the fact that it is home to a large number of migratory birds.
Siberian cranes have not landed in the wetland for years, so this was a rare occurrence, said Hassan Abbasnejad, head of the provincial environment department.
Given the well-known migration routes of cranes, the species is very rarely seen in this region, while its presence this year has shown the desirable conditions of the wetland such as habitat, biodiversity and availability of the wetland. food, he explained.
According to the International Crane Foundation website, this critically endangered species is now only found in a single main population in East Asia, with a few birds remaining in the historic West population and of the Center.
The Eastern population breeds in NE Siberia and winters at Poyang Lake in the Lower Yangtze Basin of China. In the western / central population, only one crane [Omid] continues to winter along the southern Caspian Sea coast in Iran. This population bred just south of the Ob River in Russia.
With a height of 140 centimeters and a weight of 6 kilograms, there are only 3,600 to 4,000 cranes left in the world. The eastern population is stable, but the western and central population has almost disappeared.
Adult cranes have red skin on the forehead, face and sides of the head, white plumage with black wing tips and reddish pink legs, while juvenile cranes have mixed plumage of white and brown feathers. cinnamon and a tan head.
The oldest documented crane was a Siberian crane named Wolf, who died aged 83. Wolf is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records.
Habitat loss, particularly due to changing hydrology caused by water diversions and wetland conversion, illegal taking including hunting, trapping and poisoning, pollution and contamination of the environment threaten this endangered species.
FB / MG