Your current affairs approach to TSPSC exams
Posted: Posted Date – 11:45 PM, Sun – Mar 6, 22
Hyderabad: This post follows on from last week’s post https://telanganatoday.com/approach-to-current-affairs-for-tspsc-exams.
The environment as a subject is a branch of geography and is studied as a part of it. However, prevailing conditions around the world have contributed significantly to the evolution of the environment as a distinct discipline of study which includes –
1. Concepts related to the environment – carbon footprint, bioreserve, global warming, carbon cycle, etc.
2. Environmental Conventions – multilateral agreements signed on various environmental concerns
3. Measures taken by the government for the conservation and protection of the environment, including laws, projects, schemes, programs, etc.
4. Discovery and extinction of species
5. Environmental studies – surveys, reports, census
With respect to current environment updates, applicants should focus on the following:
Congresses and Summits:
1. Any new convention signed by India – the subject of the Convention;
2. Location of the summit (previous, present and next meeting place), important agreements signed or decisions made during the summit; the year the summit began, the purpose of the summit and the organization responsible for implementing the convention on which the summit was held as background information
3. Any country withdrawing from or joining a convention; the reason for the withdrawal
Example: The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), a multilateral treaty, has three main objectives:
a. conservation of biological diversity;
b. the sustainable use of its components;
vs. fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
The convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on June 5, 1992 and entered into force on December 29, 1993. The United States is the only member state of the UN which has not ratified the convention. It has two additional agreements, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from Their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Meetings of the parties to the convention known as Conferences of the Parties (COPs), with the first (COP 1) held in Nassau, Bahamas, in 1994 and the most recent (COP 15) held in Kunming, China in 2021; the second session of COP 15 will be held in April 2022. COP 11 was held in Hyderabad in 2012.
Which of the following protocols is/are related to the Convention on Biodiversity?
1. Nagoya Protocol
2. Montreal Protocol
3. Cartagena Protocol
A. 1 only
B 1 and 3
VS 2 and 3
D. 1, 2 and 3
To respond: B
The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of many non-CBD ozone depleting substances.
1. Newly discovered species – where it was discovered and its significance
2. Species on the brink of extinction – reason for extinction; the category in which it is placed on the IUCN list and the schedule in which it is placed under the Wildlife Protection Act; where species are found and their importance in the ecosystem
Read the following statements regarding Monoceromyia flavoscutata
1. This is a new species recently discovered in India and classified as a new type of Syrphid flies.
2. It was discovered in Dindigul district in Tamil Nadu
3. As these bees or flies help in pollination and their larvae control the pest population, they are a farmer’s best friend.
Which of the above statements is (are) true?
A. 1 and 2
B 2 and 3
VS 1 and 3
D. 1, 2 and 3
To respond: D
Environmental sites – such as biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, tiger reserves and bird sanctuaries that have recently been declared such – their location and physical features such as the rivers that run through the site , the fauna found there, etc.
Dihing Patkai and Raimona were declared national parks in 2021. They are located in which of the following states?
B Assam and Nagaland
D. Assam and Manipur
To respond: VS
Terms – all important terms explaining concepts in the environment, in the news
Consider the following statements
Statement I – Ecological bridges are links in the habitat that connect two large wildlife areas.
Declaration II – Eco bridges are usually built in corridors of elephants to help them cross man-made barriers such as road/railway construction.
Choose the correct code.
A. Statement I is true; Statement II is false
B Statement I is false; Statement II is true
VS Both statements I and II are true.
D. Both statements I and II are false.
To respond: VS
To note: The State of India’s Forest Report 2021, an assessment of India’s forest and tree cover, published every two years by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Change’s Forest Survey of India climate, was recently published. The highlights of this report are extremely important for all the competitions that will be held this year. Particular attention should be paid to the salient facts related to Telangana State, including the following details:
• Telangana is ranked second in the country in terms of increase in forest cover with 632 km2.
• The recorded forest area in Telangana amounts to 26,969 square kilometers or 24.05% of the total geographical area of the state.
• Hyderabad tops the list of “Forest Cover in Major Megacities” in terms of decadal increase. Hyderabad’s total forest cover increased from 33.15 km2 in 2011 to 81.81 km2 in 2021, an increase of 147%, and it was widely observed in open forest, shrubland and moderate forest cover.
To be continued…
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